DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20211148

A study on knowledge, attitude and practices regarding antenatal care among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at a tertiary care hospital

Rajvir Kaur, Poonam Taneja, Isha Nandal

Abstract


Background: The maternal health level of Indian women was noticed to be inferior as compared to other developed countries. Antenatal care is the clinical assessment of both mother and foetus, during the period of pregnancy. Safe motherhood by providing good antenatal care (ANC) is very crucial to reduce maternal mortality ratio and infant mortality rate and to achieve millennium development goals. The objectives of this study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice on ANC among pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic and their association with several sociodemographic factors.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 200 pregnant women in their 3rd trimester attending the OPD in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Gurugram, Haryana. Predesigned questionnaire was used for collecting data by interview after obtaining informed consent.

Results: This study revealed that about 55% women had adequate knowledge regarding ANC. It was found that almost all the variables such as age, parity, level of education, occupation and type of family had a significant association with awareness about ANC. 90% women were having a positive attitude towards ANC. Around 70%, women were practicing this adequately.

Conclusions: These results can be used to design a Health Intervention Program targeting to upgrade the maternal health practices and ultimately progress the health status of the women.


Keywords


Antenatal, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Third trimester

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Bank. Safe Motherhood - A Review. The Safe Motherhood Initiatives, 1987-2005 World Bank Report. New York: Family Care International; 2007

Berhe KK, Welearegay HG, Abera GB, Kahsay HB, Kahsay AB Assessment of antenatal care utilization and its associated factors among 15 to 49 years of age women in Ayder Kebelle, Mekelle City 2012/2013; a cross sectional study. Open Journal of Advanced Drug Delivery. 2014;2(1):62-75

Bande MI, Chutiyami M, Shehu U, Garba MS, Effects of Socio Demographic and Institutional Factors on Utilization of Antenatal Care Services among Pregnant Women in Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria. International Journal of tropical disease & Health. 2018;29(2):1-9.

World Health Organization. World Health Statistics. 2017. Available at: www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/2014/en/.

Al hazmi JM, Habib HM, Sebeih SH, Khan MI, Elmaghrabi SA, et al. Awareness of Antenatal Care Importance among Saudi Pregnant. Journal of Gynecology and Women’s Health. 2017;4(4):1-15.

Padaguggari I, Shivaswamy MS, Chougule, S. A cross-sectional study on knowledge and practices regarding birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at KLE’S Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, Belagavi. Indian J Health Sci Biomedic Res (KLEU). 2018;11.

Rodrigo CH, Kumarapeli V. Birth prepared-ness, complication readiness and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at medical officer of health (MOH) area Padukka. BMJ open. 2015;5(1).

Sanjel S, Ghimire RH, Pun K. Antenatal care practices in Tamang community of hilly area in central Nepal. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2011;9:57-61.

Kushwah SS, Dubey D, Singh G, Shivdasani JP, Adhish V, Nandan D. Status of birth preparedness & complication readiness in Rewa District of Madhya Pradesh. Indian J Public Health 2009;53(3):128-32.

Agarwal P, Singh MM, Garg S. Maternal health-care utilization among women in an urban slum in Delhi. Indian J Community Med. 2007;32:203-5.

Kawungezi PC, AkiiBua D, Aleni C, Chitayi M, Niwaha A, Kazibwe A, et al. Attendance and utilization of antenatal care (ANC) services: multi-center study in upcountry areas of Uganda. Open journal of preventive medicine. 2015;5(3):132.