DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20210314

Foetomaternal outcome in multifoetal pregnancy in a tertiary rural teaching hospital

Sneha Gond, Partha Pratim Sharma, Narra Madhuri, Kasturi Barman

Abstract


Background: Aim of the study was to find out foeto-maternal outcome of multifoetal pregnancy in relation to chorionicity and to analyse the associated risk factors.

Methods: This study was a prospective observational study on multifoetal pregnancy conducted at Midnapore medical college and hospital. Statistical analysis was done by chi-square test and statistical significance was set at p-value<0.05.

Results: Incidence of multifoetal pregnancy was 1.7%. Modal age group was 20-24 years age and 82% conceived spontaneously. Among chorionicity, Dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) were 60% followed by 34% Monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA), 4% Monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) and 2% Trichorionic triamniotic (TCTA). Among maternal complications preterm labour were present in both twins and triplets followed by anemia. LSCS was required in 60.8 % of twins and common indication was malpresentation. Majority of MC and TC were delivered at gestational age of 31-33 weeks (47.1% MCDA, 50% MCMA and 60% TCTA) and dichorionic delivered at 34-36 week (48.7%). Statistical association between neonatal outcomes and chorionicity were significant in IUGR (p=<0.0001), stillbirth (p=0.0356), congenital anomalies (p=0.0017), discordant growth (p<0.0001), Apgar score <7 (p<0.0001), low birth weight (p=0.014), live birth (p≤0.0001) and NICU admission (p<0.0001).

Conclusions: Maternal and perinatal outcome was significant in monochorionic and trichorionic pregnancies compared to dichorionic pregnancies with increased NICU admissions required in monochorionic and trichorionic gestations.


Keywords


Chorionicity, Foetomaternal outcome, Multifoetal pregnancy, Twin and triplet pregnancy

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