Pregnancy outcome in women presenting with per vaginal bleeding in first trimester of pregnancy

Aisha Moon, Saima Shabbir


Background: Approximately 16%-25% of pregnancies are complicated by first trimester bleeding. The wide range of causes of early pregnancy bleeding, threat to loss the pregnancy and fear of having any life threatening cause puts pregnant female with first trimester bleeding into the state of uncertainty which leads to anxiety and depression. The objective of this study was to determine fetal outcome in women presenting with per vaginal bleeding in first trimester of pregnancy.

Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out on 75 women presenting with complain of first trimester bleeding at Kulsumbai Valika hospital, a tertiary care hospital located in SITE area Karachi, Pakistan from July 2019 to July 2020 for a period of 1 year. A Performa was designed to collect information and patient followed until pregnancy is terminated.

Results: The majority of participants presented at 8th week of gestation. Out of 75 participants who presented with first trimester bleeding 40% ended up in miscarriage. 6% had ectopic, 2% had molar pregnancy, 4% had placenta previa, 6% had preterm birth and 40% had healthy infant at the end of pregnancy.

Conclusions: Bleeding in pregnancy is a red flag sign and needs to be addressed with wise approach to have optimal possible maternal and fetal outcomes.


Bleeding, Ectopic, First trimester, Molar, Miscarriage, Outcome, Preterm, Previous miscarriage

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