DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20205787

Five-years review of obstetric hysterectomy at tertiary care center

Anita G. Pawar, Mangala A. Shinde, Sarasjothi M., Priyanka B. Nemagouda

Abstract


Background: Obstetric hysterectomy (OH) is indicated as last resort operation to save the life of the mother  and associated with high complication rates, so  requires a highly experienced and skilled medical team ,to solve any complication. Objective was to identify incidence, demographic profile, indications, risk factors, complications, maternal morbidity and mortality associated   with   obstetric hysterectomy.

Methods: Retrospective   analytical study of 47 case records is done over period of last 5 years   from October 1st October 2015 to 30th September 2020 at VDGIMS, a tertiary care center, Latur. Results are expressed in frequency and percentages.

Results: In our study, the rate of OH was 1.1/1000 deliveries. Most common (68%) age group was 21-30 yrs, majority (70%) were multipara, and booked (76%). Most common indication of OH was atonic PPH (65%), followed by traumatic PP, including rupture uterus (21%), and placenta acreta (10%). Most OH was performed on emergency basis (91%) and of subtotal type (95%). Major mode of delivery  was cesarean 65% and vaginal delivery in 21% cases. Most common risk factors were placental causes (55%), previous LSCS (48%) and hypertensive disorder (31%). High maternal morbidity in form of 100% blood transfusion rate, 93% ICU admission, inotropes and ventilator support in 59% cases and prolonged hospital stay in 75% cases seen. Most common complication were hemorrhagic shock 21%, DIC (29%), renal failure (12%) and septic shock (14%) with maternal death rate of 23% was noted.

Conclusions: Obstetric hysterectomy is a necessary life-saving operation, but also associated with high maternal morbidity and mortality, which can be minimized with timely done procedure by experienced person.


Keywords


Atonic PPH, Abnormal placentation, Complications, Obstetric hysterectomy, Risk factors

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