DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20205774

Perception and satisfaction regarding breast feeding among breast feeding mothers: a hospital based study

Vimarshitha Prakash, Sheela S. R., Krithika Raj, Pradeep Tarikere Satyanarayana

Abstract


Background: World Health organization (WHO) states that to ensure child health and survival, Breast feeding can be best tool. It also mentions that nearly 2 out of 3 are not exclusively breast fed and a special note that only 41 % are exclusively breast fed for 6 months. Breastfeeding satisfaction is defined as, “the satisfying feeling obtained during breastfeeding resulting from cooperation between the mother and the infant to fulfill desires or needs”.

Methods: This was a hospital based cross sectional study carried at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, SDUAHER, Kolar from December 2019 to August 2020 for a period of 10 months. Sample size was calculated based on previous study.

Results: The present study was a cross sectional study carried out for a period of 9 months at SDUMC tertiary care center. 270 mothers were part of study among which 82 (30.3%) had completed high school, 110 (40.7%) belonged to 21-25 years, 184 (68.07%) were Hindus, 125 (46.2%) belonged to Upper middle class of Modified BG Prasad’s classification 2019, 199 (73.6%) had delivered through normal delivery and 142 (52.7%) had more than one child. Out of 270 breast feeding mothers, 214 (79.3%) has satisfactory knowledge, 148 (54.8%) had satisfactory attitude and only 47 (17.4%) had satisfactory practice. Mothers having  higher education status, having more than one child, home makers and those delivered by Normal delivery had higher scores were statistically significant.

Conclusions: Perceptions regarding breast feedings were not satisfactory at various segments and breast feeding satisfaction were influenced by education, working status, number of children and family members were significant factors influencing breast feeding satisfaction.


Keywords


Breast feeding, Maternal enjoyment, Satisfaction

Full Text:

PDF

References


Breastfeeding. Available at https:// www. who.int/westernpacific/health-topics/breastfeeding. Accessed on 20 August 2020.

Hu L, Ding T, Hu J, Luo B. Promoting breastfeeding in Chinese women undergoing cesarean section based on the health belief model: a randomized controlled trial. Medicine. 2020;10:99(28).

Hobbs AJ, Mannion CA, McDonald SW, Brockway M, Tough SC. The impact of caesarean section on breastfeeding initiation, duration and difficulties in the first four months postpartum. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;26:90.

Ahmed AA, Hassan AK, Mohamed SH, Hamad MA. Self-efficacy of postpartum mothers toward breastfeeding and the affecting factors. Am J Nursing. 2020;8(3):352-60.

Piro SS, Ahmed HM. Impacts of antenatal nursing interventions on mothers’ breastfeeding self-efficacy: an experimental study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020;20(1):19.

Awaliyah SN, Rachmawati IN, Rahmah H. Breastfeeding self-efficacy as a dominant factor affecting maternal breastfeeding satisfaction. BMC Nursing. 2019;18(1):30.

Dodt RC, Ximenes LB, Almeida PC, Oria MB, Oliveira CL. Psychometric and maternal sociodemographic assessment of the breastfeeding self-efficacy scale-short form in a brazilian sample. J Nursing Edu Practice. 2012;2(3):66.

Zhu J, Chan WC, Zhou X, Ye B, He HG. Predictors of breast feeding self-efficacy among Chinese mothers: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Midwifery. 2014;30(6):705-11.

Sattari M, Levine DM, Mramba LK, Pina M, Raukas R, Rouw E, et al. Physician mothers and breastfeeding: a cross-sectional survey. Breastfeeding Med. 2020;15(5):312-20.

Leahy WP, Mulcahy H, Phelan A, Corcoran P. Factors influencing initiation and duration of breast feeding in Ireland. Midwifery. 2014;30(3):345-52.

Mallik S, Dasgupta U, Naskar S, Sengupta D, Choudhury K, Bhattacharya SK. Knowledge of breast feeding and timely initiation of it amongst post natal mothers: an experience from a baby friendly teaching hospital of a metropolitan city. IOSR J Dental Med Sci. 2013;4(1):25-30.

Shwetal B, Pooja P, Neha K, Amit D, Rahul P. Knowledge, attitude and practice of postnatal mothers for early initiation of breast feeding in the obstetric wards of a tertiary care hospital of Vadodara city. Hindu. 2012;134:81-5.