DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20204962

A retrospective study on indications and histopathological analysis of non-oncological hysterectomies in a tertiary care hospital

Ananthi Kasinathan, Himabindu Nagulapally

Abstract


Background: An increase in the number of women undergoing hysterectomy especially in South India is of great concern. Whenever hysterectomy is performed, it is imperative that clinical diagnosis is accurate. The purpose of current study is to assess whether the histopathological diagnosis after surgery is correlated with the clinical diagnosis.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology at Indira Gandhi medical college and research institute Puducherry, from January 2018 to December 2018. Patients, who underwent hysterectomy for benign causes, were included in the study. Data was collected from the patients' case records. Whether the histopathological diagnosis was in tandem with the clinical diagnosis, was noted

Results: Out of the 234 hysterectomies performed, 46.15% were by abdominal route and 53.84% were by vaginal route. 24.7% were TAH with BSO with mean age of 49.72 years. VH with PFR (46.5%) was the most common surgery done. Out of the 80 cases of fibroid, 66 (28.2%) were confirmed on histopathology. Histopathological diagnosis corroborated the clinical diagnosis in patients with ovarian cyst, fibroid with ovarian cyst and DUB. Adenomyosis was validated in 7 of 9 cases. Endometriosis of ovary was confirmed in 4 (1.7%) cases. In patients with pelvic organ prolapse, histopathology showed atrophic changes.

Conclusions: Accurate clinical diagnosis, supported by in-depth preoperative evaluation and a sound clinical knowledge helps to avoid unnecessary hysterectomies. It is imperative to study the histopathology of the operated specimen and confirm the appropriateness of the clinical indication.


Keywords


Hysterectomy, Clinical diagnosis, Histopathological diagnosis

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