DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20203515

Thyroid disorders in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding in tertiary care hospital in Chengalpattu district

S. Tamilarasi, S. N. S. Minnalkodi, Geetha Prasad

Abstract


Background: A relationship between the thyroid gland and the gonads is suggested by far more frequent occurrence of thyroid disorders in women than in men by clinical appearance of goiter during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause. Aim of this study was to determine the association between menstrual irregularities and thyroid dysfunction. To analyse the pattern of menstrual dysfunction among women with a thyroid disorder.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center - obstetrics and gynecology OPD. Over 6 months in the year 2019. 100 women who presented with abnormal uterine bleeding with the below exclusion criteria. Detailed history taking with an emphasis on age, parity, infertility, and menstrual disorders. Evaluation by pelvic examination along with the general physical examination of those with menstrual complaints. Routine investigations like Hb, BT, CT, TLC, DLC, platelet count, and ABO-Rh in all. Then all patients were subjected to estimation of serum T3, T4, TSH with early morning samples.

Results: Menorrhagia presents in 39.4% of patients in the normal cohort and 63.6% in the thyroid dysfunction cohort. Hypomenorrhea presents in 4% normal cohort and 9.1% thyroid dysfunction cohort. Hypothyroidism presents in 7.27%, subclinical hypothyroidism in 1.81%, and hyperthyroidism in 0.92% of patients. Amenorrhoea presents in 16.2% of patients of the normal cohort and 9.1% of patients of thyroid dysfunction cohort. No statistical significance between amenorrhoea and thyroid dysfunction.32.3% in the normal cohort and 36.4% in thyroid dysfunction cohort had a bulky uterus. No statistical association exists between thyroid dysfunction and uterine size. In a histopathological examination of the endometrium, 49.5% in the normal cohort and 54.5% thyroid dysfunction cohort reported as proliferative endometrium. Amenorrhoea; the significant association between abnormal uterine bleeding and thyroid disorder (10%).

Conclusions: The significant association between abnormal uterine bleeding and thyroid disorder (10%). It brings into focus the increased incidence of hypothyroidism among women with menorrhagia.


Keywords


Amenorrhoea, Body mass index, Sex hormone binding globulin, Thyroid stimulating hormone

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