DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20203327

Complications after post placental insertion of Cu T 380 A in women undergoing caesarean delivery

Dineshwar Singh, Sita Thakur

Abstract


Background: India is the second most populated country in the world after China with more than a billion people and has highest number of maternal deaths in the world. The aim of the study was to find out the complications after insertion of post placental Cu T 380 A in women undergoing caesarean delivery.

Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, Dr RPGMC Kangra (Rural Medical College) after taking approval of Protocol Review and Institutional Ethics Committee of the Institution. A total of 104 women delivering by caesarean section and wanting post-placental intra-caesarean Cu T 380 A insertion and who were meeting WHO standard medical criteria for PPIUCD insertion and were willing to comply with the study protocol was recruited for the study.

Results: There were no major complications and only minor side effects like pain and fever were observed in 6.25 and 6.90 and 9.37 and 11.11% of women who were admitted electively and in emergency, respectively during follow-up visit up to 6 months. String became visible in 72.12% of women at the 6 weeks follow-up visit and their visibilities increased with time and at 6 months follow-up in 90.81% of the cases. Continuation rate was 100% at 6 weeks post-partum follow-up. After that spontaneous expulsion occurred in 4 cases (3.84%) and another 4 women (3.84%) requested removal for various reasons leading to continuation rate of 92.30% at six months post-partum follow-up. There was no case of pregnancy with Cu T in situ with no failure at the end of study at six months post-partum.

Conclusions: Post placental insertion of Cu T 380 A in women undergoing caesarean section was safe and effective method of postpartum family planning, the complaints and complications initially increased but decreased at 6 months follow-up.


Keywords


Elective/emergency admission, Family planning, Intra uterine contraceptive device, Postpartum contraception, Cu-T 380 A

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References


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