A rare case of symplastic leiomyoma: case report

Sharanya ., Julie Thomas


Symplastic leiomyoma is an unusual variant of leiomyoma. Malignant transformation accounts for 0.2% of all cases of leiomyoma. Atypical and bizarre leiomyoma synonymous with symplastic leiomyoma are rare smooth muscle tumors that contain cells with moderate to severe cytological atypia, still cell necrosis is absent and mitotic index is fewer than 10/10 HPF. A 42-year P1L1A3 with no comorbidities came with complaints of lower abdominal pain for one year and heavy menstrual bleeding for eight months, LMP- 15/2/19, regular cycles, changes 4-5 pads/day, clots (+) (+), dysmenorrhoea (+). Parity score of P1L1A3, LCB-24 years, not sterilized. On examination - moderately built and nourished, pallor (+). Per abdomen examination - uterus - 22 weeks size, irregular mass, arising from pelvis - no tenderness, lower border not made out. Per speculum examination - cervix and vagina healthy. Per vagina examination - cervix firm, posterior, left fornix: mass felt, non-tender. The patient underwent Abdominal hysterectomy and B/L salpingo-oophorectomy under CSEA. Intraoperative findings - uterus - 20 weeks size, enlarged, a posterior wall subserosal fibroid with degeneration of 6×8 cm. Microscopic appearance - uterus - myometrium shows changes in adenomyosis. Sections of smaller mass reveal structure of leiomyoma. Nuclei are large, hyperchromatic, and show coarse chromatin clumps. Many giant-sized cells with multiple large nuclei were seen. It showed large chromatin clumps. Stroma showed myxoid change. Diagnosis - symplastic leiomyoma, adenomyosis. Symplastic leiomyoma is an unusual variant of leiomyoma. Malignant transformation accounts for 0.2% of all cases of leiomyoma. The regularity of the tumor margins, low mitotic activity, and absence of nuclear atypia or necrosis should be made for the exclusion of malignancy.


Adenomyosis, Dysmenorrhoea, Menorrhagia, Subserosal fibroid, Symplastic leiomyoma

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