DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20202732

A retrospective study of various factors affecting infertility in Rajasthan, India

Preksha T. Singh, Saroj Choudhary, Shreyans D. Singhvi

Abstract


Background: Infertility is seen fairly common in these days and it cause not only reproductive but also psychological impairment of the parents. Infertility leads to multitude of personal as well as societal repercussions. There are various advances in technology which help the parents suffering from infertility. Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year of regular intercourse in women <35 years not using contraception and after six months in women >35 years.

Methods: A retrospective study of 400 females and their husbands’ coming to the department of gynecology, Umaid Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan was undertaken from February 2020 to March 2020. A structural self-constructed questionnaire was used in the study. A well-informed verbal consent was taken by the participants of the study. It had open and closed ended questions. Further, an ultrasound sonography (USG) was performed to check the reproductive organs of the patient, to find the cause of infertility, as well as biochemical examination on male sperm, was performed to find out the sperm abnormality, ejection disorders and other long-term illness.

Results: In our study, we found multiple factors affecting infertility issues in females. These factors were- menstrual cycle abnormally, bleeding abnormality and years of active married life. We also found Polycystic ovarian disorder as a major underlying cause of female infertility and sperm abnormality as a major cause of male infertility.

Conclusions: Authors recommend frequent female routine checkups to asses early case of infertility and treat it as early as possible.


Keywords


Endocrine, Female, Infertility

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