DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20202724

Role of endometrial thickness in natural and stimulated cycles in infertility

Vandana Dhama, Kiran Kumari, Rachna Chaudhary, Shakun Singh

Abstract


Background: The endometrium plays an important role in infertility. The growth of endometrium depends on serum oestradiol level and blood flow to the uterus. A thin endometrium is defined as a lining of less than 7 mm which is associated with infertility. The endometrium is best seen on Transvaginal scan (TVS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of endometrial thickness and its outcome in natural and stimulated cycles in infertile women.

Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted from June 2018 to May 2019 in LLRM Medical College Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India. Total 150 infertile women of age less than 35 years presented with either primary or secondary infertility were enrolled. Each patient was undergoing transvaginal scan (TVS) to measure endometrial thickness follicular monitoring.

Results: The endometrial thickness and pregnancy rate was higher in letrozole induced group as compared to clomiphene with estradiol valerate and clomiphene with sildenafil citrate induced group.

Conclusions: Letrozole had better effect on endometrial thickness and pregnancy rate as compared to clomiphene citrate with estradiol valerate and clomiphene citrate with sildenafil citrate.


Keywords


Clomiphine citrate, Endometrial thickness, Letrozole, Sildenafil citrate

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