DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20201810

The efficacy of doppler indices in predicting the neontal outcome in term preeclamptic women with intrauterine growth restriction: an observational study in a tertiary care centre

Krithika Raj, Sheela S. R.

Abstract


Background: Doppler flow velocimetry of the umbilical and fetal cerebral circulation is a non-invasive modality used to access the fetal well-being. Doppler is comparatively more specific and is potentially a useful tool in predicting adverse perinatal outcome in high risk cases. Objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of Middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA-PI), umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA-PI) and cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) doppler indices in assessment of fetal well-being. To document neonatal outcome in preeclamptic women with doppler changes.

Methods: A retrospective observational study of term preeclamptic women with clinical IUGR admitting in labour room of RLJ Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019. All these women underwent Doppler study and were followed up till delivery.

Results: A total 89 term preeclamptic women, 47.19% women had normal delivery, 52.81% lower segment caesarean section. 74.16 % delivered babies required NICU (neonatal ICU) care, 51.69 % babies had a longer duration of NICU care (more than 5 days). The perinatal complications like respiratory distress 8.99% low birth weight 39.33%, meconium stained 10.11%, still born 4.49% and perinatal asphyxia (6.06%). Women with abnormal MCA-PI 46.07% of cases, UA-PI in 40.45% and CPR 57.30%.

Conclusions: It was observed that all three parameters CPR, MCA-PI and UA-PI when taken into account together are good utilities in predicting perinatal outcome.


Keywords


Doppler indices, Intrauterine growth restriction

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References


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