Swine flu awareness in pregnancy
Keywords:Infection, Knowledge, Pregnancy, Prevention, Vaccination
Background: Swine influenza outbreaks are common in pigs year-round and infection in humans is a result of close contact with infected animals. Understanding the perception of the public and their potential resources would help public health agencies in developing educational programs to increase the awareness of the public. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices on different aspects of swine flu.
Methods: A cross-sectional study of 100 pregnant women was conducted at Varun Arjun Medical College, Banthara, Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India to test their knowledge, attitudes, and use of precautionary measures against influenza infection.
Results: In this study, 98 (98%) of pregnant women were aware of swine flu infection, 85 (85%) of pregnant women knew that swine flu is due to viral infection while 65 (65%) of pregnant women were aware that swine flu infection spreads through air while sneezing and coughing. In this study, 95 (96%) of pregnant women knew fever as symptom of swine flu, 83 (83%) of pregnant women knew cough and cold as symptoms while 64 (64%) of pregnant women knew headache and body ache as symptoms. 94 (94%) of pregnant women were aware that vaccination against swine flu can prevent swine flu infection. 80 (80%) of pregnant women knew that covering mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing can prevent spread of swine flu infection while 52 (52%) of pregnant women knew that frequent hand washing helps in preventing spread of swine flu infection. 76 (76%) of pregnant women received vaccination against swine flu while 24 (24%) of pregnant women did not receive vaccination against swine flu.
Conclusions: Learning more about the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of the public during swine flu and other infectious disease outbreak can be crucial to improve efforts by public health officials and clinicians.
Scalera NM, Mossad SB. The first pandemic of the 21st century: a review of the 2009 pandemic variant influenza A (H1N1) virus. Postgrad Med. 2009;121(5):43-7.
Harper SA, Fukuda K, Uyeki TM, Cox NJ, Bridges CB Prevention and control of influenza: recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 2004;53:1-40.
New Delhi: MOHFW. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India. Information on Swine Flu. Available at: http://www.mohfw.nic.in/swineflu.htm. Accessed 18th April 2013.
Jamieson DJ, Theiler RN, Rasmussen SA. Emerging infections and pregnancy. Emerging Infect Dis. 2006;12:1638-43.
Pierce M, Kurinczuk JJ, Spark P, Brocklehurst P, Knight M. Perinatal outcomes after maternal 2009/H1N1 infection: national cohort study. BMJ. 2011;342:d3214.
Jamieson DJ, Honein MA, Rasmussen SA, Williams JL, Swerdlow DL, Biggerstaff MS, et al. H1N1 2009 influenza virus infection during pregnancy in the USA. The Lancet. 2009;374(9688):451-8.
Guidance on Swine Flu (H1N1v) for pregnant mothers - a joint statement from the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Royal College of Midwives, RCOG/RCM. 2009.
Consensus statement for H1N1 in pregnancy, H1N1 in pregnancy - Fogsi, 2014. Available at: www.fogsi.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/h1n1 _in_pregnancy.pdf. Accessed 18th January 2020.
Mosby LG, Rasmussen SA, Jamieson DJ. 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in pregnancy: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011;205(1):10-8.
Torres-Ramírez A. Pandemic influenza caused by A (H1N1) in pregnant women. Ginecologia y obstetricia de Mexico. 2010;78(02):121-7.
Balkhy HH, Abolfotouh MA, Al-Hathlool RH, Al-Jumah MA. Awareness, attitudes, and practices related to the swine influenza pandemic among the Saudi public. BMC Infect Dis. 2010;10(1):42.
Baria HG, Solanky P, Shah H, Patel R. A study on swine flu (H1N1) awareness among college students of Valsad city. Inter J Comm Med Pub Health. 2017;4(10):3668-72.
Shilpa K, Kumar BP, Kumar SY, Ugargol AR, Naik VA, Mallapur MD. A study on awareness regarding swine flu (influenza A H1N1) pandemic in an urban community of Karnataka. Med J Dr. DY Patil Univer. 2014;7(6):732.
Kakade NR, Kakade SV. A study to assess the effectiveness of the structured teaching programme, on knowledge regarding swine flu among secondary school going children in selected school at Karad. Age. 2014;13(4):8.
Puchalski S, Hollema C, Marshall B. Current Attitudes and Practices among Pregnant Women toward Influenza Immunization. J Preg Child Health. 2015;2:184.