DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20200061

Comparative analysis of maternal and fetal outcome in meconium stained amniotic fluid and clear liquor in primigravida

Deepali S. Kapote, Apeksha M. Mohite, Anam Syed

Abstract


Background: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the significance of MSAF and its fetal outcome in parturients.

Methods: A total of 121 pregnant women who had completed more than 37 weeks of gestation with live singleton pregnancy, spontaneous onset of labor and at term with adequate pelvis were included in the study. All (121) low risk primigravida with MSAF were studied to identify maternal and fetal outcome and compared with equal number of cases with clear amniotic fluid. Meconium stained cases were clinically classified into two groups- thin (54 cases) and thick (67 cases). MSAF on spontaneous or artificial rupture of membranes were monitored with fetal heart rate abnormality, 1- and 5-minutes Apgar score, NICU admissions and neonatal complications as outcome variables.

Results: Overall incidence of meconium staining of AF during labour was 7.71%. The common fetal heart rate abnormalities i.e. bradycardia was seen in 36% in MSG. Apgar score of less than 7 was observed in MSG at 5 minutes in 5% of cases, in thick group. Major neonatal complication was birth asphyxia in MSG (18.18%) that was more in thick MSG (14.87%). MAS were observed in 6 cases in thick and 4 cases in thin meconium stained cases. NICU care was required in 18% cases in MSG and in control group it was required in 7% cases. Neonatal morbidity was more in newborn with thick meconium group (52%) compared to thin meconium group (20%).

Conclusions: The present study confirmed that meconium staining of amniotic fluid adversely influences the fetal outcome.


Keywords


Apgar score, Birth asphyxia, Meconium aspiration syndrome, Meconium stained amniotic fluid, Meconium stained group, Primigravidas

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