DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20195326

Ferric carboxymaltose: choice of treatment in postpartum anaemia in multispeciality zonal hospital of armed forces medical services

Dhananjay S. Borse, Binay Mitra, Debkalyan Maji

Abstract


Background: World Health Organization has defined postpartum anemia (PPA) as hemoglobin (Hb) of < 10 gm% during the postpartum period. The objective of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in the treatment of post-partum anaemia (PPA).

Methods: A total of 214 patients were identified in a zonal hospital of Armed Forces Medical Services, between Jan 2019 and August 2019 who found to have PPA. Patients having hemoglobin (Hb) <10 g/dl were assigned to receive Intravenous FCM, as per the calculated dose. Changes in hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin levels at 2 and 6 weeks after treatment were recorded and analyzed. Adverse effects to FCM administration were also recorded.

Results: Significant rises in Hb and serum ferritin levels were observed. The mean increase in Hb after 2 weeks was 3.1±0.50 g/dl and 4.0±70 g/dl at 6 weeks. The mean increase in serum ferritin levels after 2 weeks was 210.40±38.50 and 270.25±14.60 ng/ml after 6 weeks. Adverse drug reactions were significantly less (p<0.001).

Conclusions: Ferric carboxymaltose increases Hb level and restores iron stores faster without any severe adverse drug reactions. Patient tolerance was good after FCM injection.


Keywords


Ferric carboxymaltose, Postpartum iron deficiency anemia

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References


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