DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20194640

Role of diagnostic hysteroscopy in evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding

Nisha Solanki, Prashant Suryarao, Aditi Bhatnagar

Abstract


Background: Postmenopausal bleeding is defined as permanent cessation of menstruation resulting from the loss of ovarian follicular activity. Incidence of abnormal uterine bleeding is 10% to 15% in postmenopausal bleeding. For evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding earlier dilatation and curettage was considered as gold standard which is a blind procedure, transvaginal sonography has improved the accuracy of endometrial morphology. Now the focus has shifted to hysteroscopic guided biopsy which is gold standard for evaluating postmenopausal bleeding it also has benefit of see and treat modality. The objective of this study was to study the significance of hysteroscopy in diagnosis of etiopathological factors of postmenopausal bleeding. To correlate the diagnosis by TVS, hysteroscopy and histopathological diagnosis.

Methods: The study was conducted at Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital from June 2016 to September 2018. A total of 30 cases were evaluated. The commencement of the study was followed by approval of the institutional ethical committee.

Results: In our study, 83.34% of patients with postmenopausal bleeding where in age group menopause is >55 years. 66.67% are overweight with BMI of 25-29.9. We evaluated the ET <4 mm, 4-12 mm, >12 mm thickness, 53.33% were between 4-12 mm of ET. In our study endometrial hyperplasia shows 30% in hysteroscopy, on HPE shows 33.33%, in atrophic endometrium 20% on HPE is also 20%, polyp shows 6.67% in both hysteroscopy and HPE, sub mucous myoma on both hysteroscopy and HPE shows 3.33% and Ca endometrium shows 3.33% in both hysteroscopy and HPE.

Conclusions: Study of total 30 cases were conducted, by using Bettochi Office hysteroscope (2.9 mm). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of hysteroscopy was calculated in each group of patients.


Keywords


Endometrial hyperplasia, Hysteroscopy, Polyp., Postmenopausal bleeding, Uterine cavity

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