DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20194869

Laparoscopic management of cervical and endometrial cancer in Africa: experience of the National Hospital Centre of Pikine

Moussa Diallo, Abdoul Aziz Diouf, Aminata Niass, Astou Coly Niassy Diallo, Cyr Esperence Gombet, Magatte Mbaye, Babacar Biaye, Sophie Coulbary, Mori Niang, Codou Sene, Anna Dia, Alassane Diouf

Abstract


Background: Laparotomy represents the standard historical surgical approach to these cancers. Process of treatment of benign adnexal pathologies to the emergence of a new pathway for the management of these cancerous pathologies.

Methods: Our prospective study from December 2016 to December 2018 included 10 patients with early-stage uterine cancer and endometrial cancer confirmed by MRI. The characteristics of patients, their cancer, their intervention and morbidity were revealed.

Results: Our results show that the average age of the patients was 63 years; There were 2 cases of cervical cancer and 8 cases of endometrial cancer. For cervical cancer, it was essentially squamous cell carcinoma; one patient was at stage Ia2 and the other at stage Ib1. For endometrial cancers, squamous cell carcinoma was 80%; 6 patients were in stage IB and 2 in stage IC. Of the 10 patients undergoing surgery, 9 had laparoscopic colpohysterectomy and lymphadectomy and one complementary laparoscopic lymphadenectomy. The average number of lymph nodes removed was 9 and no lymph node metastasis was found. In the immediate postoperative period, one patient had transient urinary incontinence and another had vaginal slice lymphorhea.

Conclusions: The main interest of this practice is to be the least morbid possible for patients at the early stage. With our short experience, we obtained a reduction in operating time, a reduction in hospital stay, a decrease in the consumption of analgesics and antibiotics postoperatively and a reduction in per and postoperative complications.


Keywords


Cervical cancer, Endometrial cancer, Pelvic laparoscopy, Senegal

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