DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20192414

Impact of changing life style on age of menarche

Kritika Upadhyay, Archana Dhok, Arpita Jaiswal

Abstract


Background: Menarche marks the beginning of the reproductive phase in a woman’s life or the onset of puberty Menarche is said to be early when it begins before the age of 8 years in a girl’s life. Early menarche can turn up into many consequences. This can only be controlled by carefully exploring and analyzing the factors causing early menarche. This study aims to assess the impact of changing lifestyle on age of menarche.

Methods: It is a prospective cross-sectional study, included 112 subjects in group I (girls had their menarche at the age of <11 years) and 88 subjects in group II (Girls had their menarche at the age between 12-14 years). A self-made questionnaire was used for collecting the data.

Results: It is found that  80.32% girls from group I and 47.73% girls from group II consume junk food daily or 2-3 times per week. 66.07% girls from group I and 51.14% girls from group II play indoor games daily or 2-3 times per week. 52.86% girls from group I and 26.14% girls from group II go to hotel once a week and 57.14% girls from group I and 73.86% girls from group II go to hotel occasionally.

Conclusions: Girls who are not much interested in playing outdoor games, more frequently go to hotel, eat more junk food and consume more amount of fats in the daily home-made food have a significant lowering in the age of menarche.


Keywords


Early menarche, Lifestyle, Menarche, Reproductive phase

Full Text:

PDF

References


Posner RB. Early menarche: a review of research on trends in timing, racial differences, etiology and psychosocial consequences. Sex Roles. 2006;54:315.

Bagga A, Kulkarni S. Age at menarche and secular trend in Maharashtrian (Indian) girls. Acta Biol Szegediensis. 2000;44(1-4):53-7.

Karapanou O, Papadimitriou A. Determinants of menarche. Repro Biol Endocrinol. 2010;8:115.

Canoy D, Beral V, Balkwill A, Wright FL, Kroll ME, Reeves GK, et al. Age at menarche and risks of coronary heart and other vascular diseases in a large UK cohort. The million women study. 2015;131:237-44.

Hsieh CC, Trichopoulos D, Katsouyanni K, Yuasa S. Age at menarche, age at menopause, height and obesity as risk factors for breast cancer: associations and interactions in an international case-control study. Int J Cancer. 1990;46:796-800.

Nnoaham KE, Webster P, Kumbang J, Kennedy SH, Zondervan K. Is early age at menarche a risk factor for endometriosis? A systematic review and meta-analysis of case-control studies. Fertil Steril. 2012;98(3):702-12.e6.

Gaudineau A, Ehlinger V, Vayssiere C, Journet B, Arnaud C, Godeau E. Factors associated with early menarche: results from the French Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. BMC Pub Heal. 2010;10:175.

Vani RK, Veena KS, Subitha L, Kumar VR, Bupathy A. Menstrual abnormalities in school going girls-are they related to dietary and exercise pattern? J Clin Diagno Res. 2013;7(11):2537-40.

Mueller NT, Jacobs DR, MacLehose RF, Demerath EW, Kelly SP, Dreyfus JG, et al. Consumption of caffeinated and artificially sweetened soft drinks is associated with risk of early menarche. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;102(3):648-54.

Pitynski D, Flynn FW, Skinner DC. Does salt have a permissive role in the induction of puberty? Med Hypothes. 2015;85(4):463-7.

Shinde P, Vyas K, Goel S, Sharma OR. Effects of junk food / fast food on menstrual health: a review study. Int Ayurved Med J. 2017;2(1):867-71.

Negi P, Mishra A, Lakhera P. Menstrual abnormalities and their association with lifestyle pattern in adolescent girls of Garhwal, India. J Family Med Primary Care. 2018;7(4):804-8.

Huffpost. The blog: Girl’s early puberty: what causes it, and how to avoid it, 2011. Available at: https://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/857167.