Rising trends of caesarean section: a retrospective study


  • Namrata Sethi Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, M. I. M. E. R. Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Sushma P. Sharma Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, M. I. M. E. R. Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India




Caesarean section, Cephalo pelvic disproportion, Fetal distress, Maternal demand, Rising trend, Tubal ligation


Background: The indications of Caesarean Section (CS) have been changing over time, along with a visible, much talked about rise in the rate. Without a doubt, C-sections can effectively prevent maternal and perinatal mortality when done for a medical indication. However, little is researched about the extent of maternal indications and the fetal outcomes of C-sections.

Methods: Data of January to March 2012 and January to March 2017 was obtained by detailed study of the patient files from the Medical Records Department of the hospital. A predesigned proforma was used to record the relevant information. Data was analysed using standard statistical methods.

Results: Cephalo pelvic disproportion (CPD) and fetal distress (FD) remained the major causes of CS in both the groups, being 50.4% in group2012 and 60.5% in group2017. Trends of CS due to maternal demand and tubal ligations are emerging. Though the rise in CS was not significant in the 5 year period having gone up from 45.41% to 48.81%, there was significant increase in deliveries without complications, having jumped up from 74.8% to 88.3%.

Conclusions: As per the study, there was non-significant rise in the incidence of C-sections in the time period of study. Major contributory factors observed were CPD and FD, in which it is imperative to perform C-sections.


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Original Research Articles