DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20185291

Role of camylofin and its combinations in obstetrics and gynaecological practice: a review of Indian evidence

Niranjan Mayadeo

Abstract


Anti-spasmodic drugs like camylofin are used in obstetrics and gynaecological practice for broadly two conditions - spasmodic abdominal pain and management of prolonged labor. Camylofin has been in use in India for almost six decades. As a spasmolytic, camylofin has demonstrated good efficacy and tolerability, both in the management of abdominal spasmodic pain and in augmentation of labor. Literature evidences has suggested that camylofin has demonstrated a statistically significant superiority, such as higher spasmolytic potency compared to other anti-spasmodics like drotaverine, hyoscine and valethamate. In some studies, camylofin maintained the superior efficacy, despite being given as a single dose compared to repeat doses of comparator drugs. Also, in augmentation of labor, camylofin single dose demonstrated superior efficacy when the comparator arm was given a combination of two anti-spasmodic drugs i.e. hyoscine and valethamate in three doses at hourly intervals. Clinical studies in abdominal colic pain revealed significant superiority of the camylofin-paracetamol combination over dicylomine paracetamol combination, this despite the camylofin combination containing 300mg paracetamol as compared to the dicyclomine combination containing 500mg paracetamol. Similar results, highlighting better outcomes in abdominal colic of different types, was shown in studies comparing camylofin-diclofenac combination compared with hyoscine (in renal colic) and also camylofin-mefenamic acid combination compared with dicyclomine-mefenamic acid combination (in menstrual colic). All the above clinical study results resonate in the findings of a recent survey with gynaecologists across the country, which showed that camylofin is considered as the anti-spasmodic most suitable for female patients compared to drotaverine, dicyclomine and hyoscine. Given the availability of strong clinical trial data in Indian women patients, camylofin along with its combinations holds a strong place in the armamentarium of practicing obstetricians and gynaecologists and can be a preferred choice of therapy in treatment protocols of abdominal spasmodic pain and augmentation of labor.


Keywords


Abdominal colic, Anti-spasmodic, Camylofin, Labor

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