DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20190300

Early stage cervical cancer with negative pelvic lymph nodes: morbidity and survival patterns following radical hysterectomy and postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy

Ruchi S. Arora, Shilpa M. Patel, Ava D. Desai, Meeta M. Makand

Abstract


Background: The objective of the present study was to optimize the role of adjuvant radiotherapy in lymph node negative cervical cancer treated with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection, and to analyse patterns of failure and complication following surgery and radiotherapy in same patients.

Methods: This is retrospective analysis of 98 patients of cancer cervix FIGO Stage IB; IIA treated with radical hysterectomy with bilateral lymphadenectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy between the years 2000 and 2007at our hospital. Among all node negative patients who were operated during this period 97 patients were high risk. [High risk-Two or more of following risk factors: primary tumor size >4 cm, cervical stromal invasion ≥1/2, lymph-vascular space invasion, Unfavorable histology,>].

Results: Median follow up: 79 months [6 months to 109 months], Recurrence rate: 13.26% [2 Pelvic and 11 distant recurrence] Pelvic control rate: 98 %Radiotherapy Complications: 4 % [Grade 3-4].

Conclusions: Adjuvant radiotherapy following radical hysterectomy in high risk node negative early cervical cancer is effective treatment. It reduces pelvic recurrence with acceptable morbidity.


Keywords


Cervical cancer, Negative lymph nodes, Prognostic factors, Radiotherapy, Survival

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References


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