DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20151630

Perinatal lethal skeletal dysplasia: a case report

Sunita Dubey, Poonam Goel, Meesha Verma

Abstract


The word dysplasia originates from ancient Greek words dys (anomalous) and plasia (formation). Skeltal dysplasia (SD) is a heterogeneous group of congenital anomalies characterized by abnormalities in the development of the bone and cartilage tissue. This results in mark disproportion of the long bones, the spine and fetal head relation to the trunk. Perinatal lethal skeletal dysplasia leads to still birth or early neonatal death due to pulmonary hypoplasia. 30 yrs old G3P3L2 at 32 weeks presented with leaking per vaginum. Her serial scan was done as she had previous stillborn male child with short limbs. Her antenatal scan revealed short limbs from 24 weeks. From18 weeks to 24 weeks she did not underwent any sonography. She went into spontaneous labor and delivered still born male baby with clinical and radiological features suggestive of skeletal dysplasia. Skeletal dysplasia can be diagnosed on antenatal 2 D ultrasound from 14 - 16 weeks onwards. Prenatal genetic testing should be done to diagnose the genetic anomaly and patient should be referred to higher institute for this test. Even if genetic test not done even then termination of pregnancy should be considered based on ultrasound diagnosis especially with family history because of poor fetal prognosis and long term morbidity if survived.

Keywords


Skeletal dysplasia, Osteogenesis imperfect, Perinatal hypophosphatasia, Achondrogenesis, Campomelic dysplasia

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References


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