DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20174049

Abnormal lipid metabolism is associated with angiogenic and anti angiogenic factor imbalance in PIH women

Visala Sree Jammalamadaga, Philips Abraham

Abstract


Background: Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal and fetal/neonatal mortality and morbidity even in developed countries. Despite of extensive research, the etiology and pathogenesis of preeclampsia are not completely understood. Evidence shows that imbalance between angiogenic and antiangiogenic factor plays a pivotal role in the genesis of endothelial dysfunction which is considered as a hall mark in the development of multisystem disorder in pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Abnormal lipid metabolism is a known causative factor for endothelial dysfunction. This study has been designed to determine the association between abnormal lipids and angiogenic, anti angiogenic balance in PIH (PE and E) women.

Methods: Study group consisted of Normotensive pregnant women (N) preeclamptic women (PE) and eclamptic women (E) with 100 subjects in each group in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. They were investigated for lipid profile and apolipoproteins, MDA, FRAP, TNF-α, sFlt-1, VEGF, PlGF, NO. Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA and pearson correlation analysis.

Results: When compared to controls TC, TGL, VLDL, LDL, apoB, MDA, TNF-α, sFlt-1 levels were found to be significantly high and HDL, apoA, FRAP, VEGF, PIGF, and NO levels were significantly low in PE, E group.  Eclamptic women showed a significantly high level of MDA, TNF-α, sFlt-1and low levels of FRAP, VEGF, PIGF, NO when compared to PE group.

Conclusions: In PIH women, abnormal lipid metabolism is associated with angiogenic and antiangiogenic imbalance.


Keywords


Angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors, Eclamptic women, Lipids, Preeclamptic women

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