DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20162699

Ultrasonography: a diagnostic choice to localise intra uterine contraceptive devices

Prabh D. Sethi, Nisha Goyal, Anil Garg

Abstract


Background: Intrauterine devices are important method of contraception. They are more effective than oral contraceptives. They are also reversible forms of contraception. They provide contraception for years. Sonography is very useful in localization of intra uterine contraceptive devices. Before insertion, it tells us about uterine anomalies, tumours and shape of uterus. After IUCD insertion, it is helpful for locating IUCD and confirming the place where required and also tells us its relative position at follow up also.

Methods: In this study, sonography is used for localization of Cu-T, IUCD by its four very important features namely, type-specific morphology, posterior acoustic shadowing, entrance-exit reflection, anechoic halo around the IUCD.

Results: In this study, it was observed that 100 % localization of IUCD is possible by these parameters.

Conclusions: It was concluded that ultrasonography acts as diagnostic tool for localization of Copper T IUCD.

Keywords


Intrauterine contraceptive device, Sonography, Contraception

Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Demography and family planning. Parks textbook of preventive and social medicine. 23rd ed. Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2015:495.

Richter R. A means of preventing pregnancy. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1909;35:1525-7.

Ortiz ME, Croxatto HB. Copper-T intrauterine device and levonorgestrel intrauterine system: biological bases of their mechanism of action. Contraception. 2007;75(6):16-30.

Kristina M. Nowitzki L, Matthew LH, Byron C, Larry Z. Zheng et al. Ultrasonography of intrauterine devices. Ultrasonography. 2015;34(3):183-94.

Piiroinen O. Ultrasonic localization of intrauterine contraceptive device. Acta Obstet Gynec Scand. 1972;51(3):203-7.

Ianniruberto A, Mastroberardino A. Ultrasonic localization of lippes loop. Am J Obstet Gynaecol. 1972:114;78-82.

Cochrane WJ, Thomas MA. The use of ultrasound B-mode scanning in the localization of intrauterine contraceptive devices. Radiol. 1972:104;623-27.

Callen PW, Demartini, Filly RA. The central uterine cavity echo: a useful anatomic sigh in the ultrasonographic evaluation of female pelvis. Radiol. 1979:131;187-90.

Callen PW, Filly RA, Munyer TP. Intrauterine contraceptive device: evaluation by sonography. Am J Radiol. 1980;135:797-800.