DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20220033

Effect of autologous platelet rich plasma on anti-mullerian hormone and antral follicle count in sub fertile women with poor ovarian reserve

Muhammad J. Uddin, Jesmine Banu, Shakeela Ishrat, Sabiha Sultana, Serajoom Munira, Mehnaz M. Shume, Sheikh F. Huda

Abstract


Background: Ovarian aging may be reversible. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) has growth factors that promote cellular proliferation and folliculogenesis. Recently published studies and case reports suggest that ovarian rejuvenation can be done by PRP treatment. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of platelet rich plasma on ovarian reserve markers such as anti mullerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC) in sub fertile women with poor ovarian reserve (POR).

Methods: The self-controlled quasi experimental study was carried out on 29 sub fertile women with poor ovarian reserve. They were selected for laparoscopic tubo-peritoneal evaluation as they could not afford in vitro fertilization. During laparoscopy, 5 ml of pre prepared autologous PRP was injected into each ovary. Post-PRP AMH and AFC were measured at every cycle for a period of at least three (3) months and compared with base line values.

Results: Mean age of participants was 35.9±3.2 years. Baseline AMH was 0.31±0.17 ng/ml and baseline AFC was 3.41±0.73. AMH was raised on first, second and third cycle from base line values in 58.62%, 86.21% and 91.30% of the study population respectively. AMH changes in all three cycle were statistically significant. Pregnancy occurred in three (10.34%) women during the study period.

Conclusions: The injection of autologous PRP into human ovaries is a safe procedure to improve ovarian reserve markers (AMH and AFC) in women with POR.


Keywords


Poor ovarian reserve, Platelet rich plasma, Anti-mullerian hormone, Antral follicle count

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