Statistical analysis of gynecological cancer


  • Sangeeta Pahwa Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SGRDIMSR, Amritsar, Punjab, India
  • Arshdeep Kaur Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SGRDIMSR, Amritsar, Punjab, India



COVID, Gynaecologic malignancies, Screening, Morbidity and mortality, Prevention, Cervical cancer


Background: Gynaecologic cancers constitute huge burden of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Statistics on gynaecologic malignancies is deficient. It is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. In India breast cancer ranks number one followed by cervical cancer. The aim of our study was to establish pattern and incidence of gynaecological malignancy.

Methods: This hospital based study was conducted in Sri Guru Ramdass Institute of medical sciences and research, Amritsar on 282 patients from March 2020 to December 2020. The demographic data of all cancer patients regarding age, clinical presentation, site, staging, histopathology and treatment given was collected and was analysed in tabulated form.

Results: In our study, breast cancer was the commonest malignancy encountered in 46.09% followed by cervical cancer which constituted 32.26%.Ovarian cancer was diagnosed in 15.24%, endometrial cancer in 3.19%, vulval cancer in 2.12% and vaginal carcinomas in 1.06%.

Conclusions: Gynaecological cancers are one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths in women worldwide, hence it is important to be aware of various types of malignancies. In our study, cases reported in advanced stages because of lack of education and COVID scenario as patients were reluctant to visit hospitals. So we must continue to provide our gynecologic oncology patient the highest quality of medical care at the same time assuring maximum safety for patients.



COVIDSurg Collaborative. Elective surgery cancellations due to the COVID-19 pandemic: global predictive modelling to inform surgical recovery plans. Br J Surg. 2020;107(11):1440-9.

Lara OD, O’Cearbhaill RE, Smith MJ, Sutter ME, Knisely A, McEachron J, Gabor LR, Jee J, Fehniger JE, Lee YC, Isani SS, Wright JD, Pothuri B. COVID-19 Outcomes of patients with gynecologic Cancer in New York City. Cancer. 2020;126:4294-303.

Uma Devi K. Current status of gynecological cancer care in India. J Gynecol Oncol. 2009;20(2):77-80.

Kumar R. Prevalence of female reproductive tract cancer in a teaching hospital of Rohtas District, Bihar, India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2018;6:4058-62.

Adreena JV, Garg PK, Mahabole K. Incidence of different malignancies in female genital tract: study in 504 women in rural population. Int J Contemp Med Res. 2017;4(1):284-6.

Becker S. A historic and scientific review of breast cancer: The next global healthcare challenge. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2015;131(1):36-9.

Ferlay J, Colombet M, Soerjomataram I, Mathers C, Parkin DM, Piñeros M, Znaor A, Bray F. Estimating the global cancer incidence and mortality in 2018: GLOBOCAN sources and methods. Int J Cancer. 2019;144(8):1941-53.

Doval DC, Radhakrishna S, Tripathi R, Kashinath RI, Talwar V, Batra U, et al. A multi-institutional real world data study from India of 3453 non-metastatic breast cancer patients undergoing upfront surgery. Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):5886.

Kumari A, Pankaj S, Choudhary V, Kumari A, Nazneen S, Kumari J, Kumar S. Retrospective analysis of patients of cervical cancer a tertiary center in Bihar. Indian J Cancer. 2018;55(1):70-3.

Dayna D. Whitcombe, Philip T. Valente, Ometeotl M. Acosta, Edward R. Kost Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2016;17:45-8.

Bray F, Ferlay J, Laversanne M, et al. Cancer incidence in five continents: inclusion criteria, highlights from Volume X and the global status of cancer registration. Int J Cancer 2015;137:2060–71.

Agarwal S, Malhotra K P, Sinha S, Rajaram S. Profile of gynecologic malignancies reported at a tertiary care center in India over the past decade: Comparative evaluation with international data. Indian J Cancer 2012;49:298-302.

Jeph V, Adreena, Garg PK, Mahabole K. Incidence of different malignancies in female genital tract: study in 504 women in rural population. Int J of Contemporary Med Res. 2017;4(1):284-6.

Pradhan M, Dhakal HP, Pun CB, Pradhan S, Dangal G. Gynecological malignancy in BPKMCH, Bharatpur: a retrospective analysis of 321 cases. J Nepal Med Assoc. 2001;40:108-11.






Original Research Articles