DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20215070

Non-disabled and disabled women sexual health comparison

Ieva Pitkēviča, Zane Rostoka, Gabriela Saulīte, Dace Rezeberga, Ieva Briedīte

Abstract


Background: Disabled women constitute approximately 16% of all women in Europe. Regardless of disability level women are interested in maintaining sexual activity. The study aim was to compare, understand if there are sexual health disparities between disabled women and non-disabled women.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in non-governmental associations and the general practitioner's office in Latvia from November 2018 to January 2019. Data were collected from self-filled questionnaires of 34 DW and 34 NDW.

Results: The mean age of NDW was 32 years and 43 years for DW. 73.5% of DW and 41.2% of NDW were partially satisfied with their sex life, p=0.009. 47.1% of DW and 32.4% of NDW admitted having an irregular sex life, p=0.002. 58.8% of NDW and 29.4% of DW had last sexual intercourse within 6 days period, p=0.011. 67.6% NDW and 20.6% DW thought their sex life will improve in future, p=0.001. 70.6% of DW was interested in maintaining sexual relations as well as 91.2% of NDW. 20.6% of DW was interested in maintaining sexual relationships but less than before disability. 29.4% of respondents from both groups noted that the level of disability or other health disorders had little impact on their sexual health. 8.8% of disabled women and 2.9% of non-disabled women had severe symptoms of depression.

Conclusions: The study demonstrated that NDW had regular sex life and were more satisfied with it than DW. Regardless of the state of health women were interested in maintaining sexual activity.

 


Keywords


Sexual health, Disabled women, Non disabled women

Full Text:

PDF

References


The situation of women with disabilities, 2018. Available at: https://www.eesc.europa.eu/en/our-work/opinions-information-reports/opinions/situation-women-disabilities-exploratory-opinion-requested-european-parliament. Accessed on 19 October 2019.

Overview on Sexual Health. Available at: www.who.int/health-topics/sexual-health#tab=tab_1. Accessed on 3 August 2021.

Iezzoni L, Mitra M. Transcending the counter-normative: Sexual and reproductive health and persons with disability. Disability Health J. 2017;10 (2017):369-70.

World Report on Disability. Available at www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/report.pdf. Accessed 19 October 2019.

Vadysinghe A, Dassanayaka P, Sivasubramanium M, Senasinghe D, Samaranayake A. A study on sexual violence inflicted on individuals with intellectual developmental disorder. Disability Health J. 2017; 10(2017):451-4.

Chevarley FM, Thierry JM, Gill CJ, Ryerson AB, Nosek MA. Health, preventive health care, and health care access among women with disabilities in the 1994-1995 National Health Interview Survey, Supplement on Disability. Womens Health Iss. 2006; 16(6):297-312.

Nosek MA, Hughes RB. Psychosocial Issues of Women with Physical Disabilities: The Continuing Gender Debate. Rehabil Couns Bull. 2003;46(4):224-33.

Defining sexual health: report of a technical consultation on sexual health, 28-31 January 2002. Available at: www.who.int/reproductivehealth/ publications/sexual_health/defining_sexual_health.pdf?ua=1. Accessed on 3 August 2021.

Cardenas DD, Topolski TD, White CJ, McLaughlin JF, Walker WO. Sexual functioning in adolescents and young adults with spina bifida. Arch Physical Med Rehab. 2008;89:31-5.

Esmail S, Darry K, Walter A, Knupp H. Attitudes and perceptions towards disability and sexuality. Disab Rehab. 2010;32:1148-55.

Porat O, Heruti R, Navon-Porat H, and Hardoff D. Counseling young people with physical disabilities regarding relationships and sexuality issues: Utilization of a novel service. Sexual Disab. 2012; 30:311-31.

Verhoef M, Barf HA, Vroege JA, Post MW, van Asbeck FW, Gooskens RH, et al. Sex education, relationships, and sexuality in young adults with spina bifida. Arch Physical Med Rehab. 2005;86:979-87.

Heller MK, Gambino S, Church P, Lindsay S, Kaufman M, McPherson AC. Sexuality and relationships in young people with spina bifida and their partners. J Adoles Health. 2016;59:182-8.

Molly RN, Barbara JM, Peter S. Improving the sexual health of young people with mobility impairments: challenges and recommendations. J Pediatr Health Care. 2017;31(5):578-87.

Jemta L, Fugl-Meyer KS, Oberg K. On intimacy, sexual activities and exposure to sexual abuse among children and adolescents with mobility impairment. Acta Paediatr. 2008;97(5):641-6.

Suris JC, Resnick MD, Cassuto N. Sexual behaviour of adolescents with chronic disease and disability. J Adolesc Health. 1996;19(2):124-31.

Mitra M, Mouradian VE, McKenna M. Dating violence and associated health risks among high school students with disabilities. Matern Child Health J. 2013;17(6):1088-94.

Bruce ML. Depression and disability in late life: directions for future research. Am J Geriatr Psychiat. 2001;9(2):102-12.

Yang Y, George LK. Functional disability, disability transitions, and depressive symptoms in late life. J Aging Health. 2005;17(3):263-92.

Hermans H, Beekman AT, Evenhuis HM. Prevalence of depression and anxiety in older users of formal Dutch intellectual disability services. J Affect Disord. 2013;144(1):94-100.

Girgus JS, Yang K. Gender and depression. Curr Opin Psychol. 2015;4:53-60.