DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20214642

Review of thyroid profile in patients with heavy menstrual bleeding in a tertiary care hospital

Pooja R., Tushar Palve, Sneha Mutyapwar, Payal Saha

Abstract


Background: Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is defined as excessive menstrual blood loss which interferes with a woman's physical, social, emotional and/or material quality of life. It can occur alone or in combination with other symptoms. Thyroid hormone affects menstrual pattern. The objective of this study was to evaluate thyroid function in women with menorrhagia (HMB).

Methods: It is a type of journal article. Study design- retrospective study. The present study was conducted in the Department of obstetrics and Gynecology, cama and albess hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, from a period of January 2021 to July 2021, 51 women of reproductive age group between menarche-menopause with HMB. Quantitative determination of T3, T4 and TSH by CLIA estimated in autoanalyser.

Results: About 51 women participated in the study in which most of the subjects belong to 45-49 years of age group. Maximum patients are multipara. Commonest cause of menorrhagia is fibroid. Most females with menorrhagia are euthyroid. Most of patients with HMB are O +ve. In most of the patients, anaemia due to HMB is treated by blood transfusion.

Conclusions: Biochemical evaluation of thyroid function tests should be compulsory in all patients with menorrhagia to detect thyroid dysfunction. Most females with menorrhagia are euthyroid.


Keywords


Heavy menstrual bleeding, Menorrhagia, Thyroid function

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