DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20214445

Post cesarean pregnancy and its outcome

B. Jeyamani, B. Sowmiya

Abstract


Background: Though in recent years lower segment cesarian section (LSCS) procedure is the major reason for the reduction in the mortality rate for both mother and baby, inappropriate indications may affect the outcome of pregnancy. Thus, this study was done with the aim of assessing the prevalence of outcome of delivery among women who underwent caesarean section (CS) and to assess the factors associated with that outcome.

Methods: This study was conducted with a sample of 98 pregnant mothers. After acquiring informed consent, those mothers who were indicated for CS (both elective and emergency) were enquired about the questionnaire containing two parts. Part one is about the history regarding previous birth and the next part is about age, parity, and outcome of current pregnancy (both mother and baby).

Results: The mean age of the study participants is 27 years. Among the study participants, about half of them (51%) were in gravida one and 37 percent have one abortion. About four-fifths of the study participants (81%) were undergone elective LSCS. About one-fourth of the baby needs neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission and two percent have the complication of neonatal sepsis. The factors significantly associated with NICU admission of babies delivered after LSCS are more number of the previous history of abortions (p=0.004) and emergency LSCS (p=0.001) by using the chi-square test.

Conclusions:  The indication of previous LSCS for LSCS among pregnant mothers is in a rising trend that needs holistic commitment to reduce the prevalence of LSCS.

 


Keywords


Post cesarean pregnancy, Previous LSCS, Emergency cesarean, Vaginal birth after caesarean, Neonatal sepsis

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References


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