DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20213856

Evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal sonography versus hysteroscopy in detection of submucous myomas in peri and postmenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding

Kushla Pathania, Surbhi Sharma

Abstract


Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding is a very common gynaecological condition that affects all age groups. This study was aimed at assessing the usefulness of TVS in comparison with hysteroscopy in AUB evaluation. Aim was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal sonography versus hysteroscopy in detection of submucous myomas in peri and postmenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding.

Methods: The present study was prospective cross sectional study conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kamla Nehru State Hospital for Mother and Child Indira Gandhi Medical College Shimla for period of one year w.e.f. 1st May 2018 to 30th April 2019. The study was started after hospital ethical committee approval. 76 patients peri and post-menopausal women were enrolled in the study after taking written consent.

Results: On TVS- all the study subjects underwent TVS examination, submucous fibroid was detected in 10 subjects (n= 76) i.e. 13.1% (all perimenopausal). On hysteroscopy submucous fibroid was detected in 11 (14.4%) subjects, on histopathology it was confirmed in 11 subjects (14.4%). Out of 11, 8 patients underwent hysterectomy, 1 myomectomy, 2 patients had hysteroscopic removal of fibroid. 1 subject with AUB-LSM was wrongly diagnosed as AUB-P. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of transvaginal sonography versus hysteroscopy was 90.09%, 100%, 100%, 98.5% respectively.

Conclusions: TVS is an important initial modality for evaluating the patient of AUB. It is quick, simple, painless, least invasive, less expensive and readily available procedure and does not need full bladder like TAS. On the other hand, hysteroscopy has a better diagnostic accuracy as it provides the option of see and treat which is recommended for peri and post-menopausal women with AUB.


Keywords


Abnormal uterine bleeding, Hysteroscopy, Submucous fibroid, Transvaginal sonography

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