Association of serum vitamin D levels with gestational diabetes mellitus

Sharmeen Mahmood, Hasna Hena Pervin, Shereen Yousuf


Background: This study was done to evaluate the association of serum vitamin D level with GDM (n=30) and without GDM (n=30). The age and body mass index of the participants along with their gestational age, gravidity and parity were harmonized. The serum vitamin D levels and blood glucose were investigated. The results revealed that, normal pregnant women had significantly higher vitamin D level than their GDM counterparts.

Methods: This case-control study was conducted on healthy pregnant women attending routine antenatal care at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib medical university from January 2019 to December 2019 recruited at third trimester of gestation. We measured maternal serum vitamin D status (25[OH]D) in third trimester of pregnancy. GDM was diagnosed according to the American diabetes association. guidelines. Vitamin D status was defined as, vitamin D sufficiency (≥30 or ≥75 nmol/L), insufficiency (20-30 and 50-75 nmol/L), were used to categories participants according to their 25[OH]D concentrations. We calculated adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using logistic regression.

Results: The mean serum vitamin D level was lower in case group case 23.4 (17.4±35.1) compared to that in control group 29.7 (15.4±39.8) and the difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant (p≤0.001). Sufficient level of vitamin D was more in control group (66.7%) than that of case group (26.1%). Insufficient level of vitamin D was higher in case (73.3%) group than that of control (33.3%) group. These findings were significant (p=0.021). Respondents with insufficient level of vitamin D have 3.1 times more chance to develop GDM.

Conclusions: Serum vitamin D level is reduced in pregnant women having GDM.


Vitamin D, Gestational diabetes mellitus, Pregnancy

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